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GRU>ARCHIVIO>ABSTRACT>Filippini Marta - Un manoscritto armeno del XIV secolo: il caso di un Rituale membranaceo salvato. Analisi, restauro e valorizzazione*
The analysis and the conservation of an Armenian illuminated manuscript (Maštoc‘) from the XIVth century is presented. The codex was discovered in 2014 in the Museum of Cappuccini in Reggio Emilia and is now property of the Library of the same Order in Bologna. The results of the codicological and scientific analysis allowed us to confirm the provenience from the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia: the manuscript has a typical Armenian leather binding, blind-tooled with residues of the fore-edge flap and of the fastening (of the leather strips and wooden pegs type). The technique of the sewing of Armenian raised headbands “S” variant, five needles-sewing is reconstructed. A new Armenian sewing structure is observed and is here illustrated for the first time: a herringbone stitch with supported kettle-stitches.
A study on Armenian parchment was also carried on and evidences of different manufacture from the western one were found. Seven ancient recipes were translated in Italian for the first time and a new parchment was produced, following the recipe of the Erevan, Matenadaran, Ms. 1849, f. 156 (an. 1440). The new parchment was compared to the parchment of the manuscript. The codex was extremely deteriorated, the text block was almost completely detached from the binding and the parchment pages were strongly affected by a damage possibly caused by exposure to heat, humidity, and wrong handling. The book was anciently rebound and all the pages were restored with paper and starch glue and then the paper additions were exposed to microbiological and entomological attack. There was a high risk of loss of fragments. In these areas there were also perforations due to the presence of ferrogallic ink. FTIR-ATR, Raman, SEM-EDS and micro hot table method for shrinkage temperature determination have been employed to characterize the parchment and its deterioration. Consolidation of deteriorated parchment still represents an open problem and the application of remoistenable tissues was evaluated for local consolidation of parchment. The conservation treatment allowed the restore and the consolidation of parchments, pigments and inks, wooden boards, linen doublures and of the leather binding. A new sewing, a conservative variant of the lining and the two raised headbands were made. The unity of the codex was restored, conserving as far as possible, all the historical elements.

*Tesi di diploma equiparato a Laurea Magistrale a ciclo unico in Conservazione e Restauro dei Beni Culturali (classe LMR/02) a.a. 2014/15 SAF - ICRCPAL. Relatore: Lucilla Nuccetelli – Direttore del laboratorio di restauro presso ICRCPAL, Roma. Correlatori: Anna Sirinian,Professore presso Università di Bologna; Milena Brigazzi, Funzionario presso ICRCPAL (Roma), Francesca Pascalicchio, Direttrice del Laboratorio di Tecnologia dei materiali presso l’ICRCPAL (Roma).

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